Urban Economics Workshop
Kyoto University

  場所:京都大学経済研究所 本館1階 第二共同研究室 【交通アクセス】【本部構内MAP】


世話人: 文世一 (京都大学大学院経済学研究科) [HP]
森知也 (京都大学経済研究所) [HP]
松島格也 (京都大学大学院工学研究科) [HP]
山本和博 (大阪大学大学院経済学研究科)
松尾美和 (神戸大学経済経営研究所) [HP]

         TEL: 075−753−7120(秘書・中村) FAX:075−753−7198

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(Last Updated on 08/22/18 by Yuki Nakamura)



論題:Regional Disintegration in South Asia: Evidence from the End of the British Empire on Maritime Networks

要旨:In the early 20th century, the British Empire primarily governed South Asia, and these regions shared similar administrations, institutions and commercial practices. After the Second World War, decolonization in South Asia became evident through the partition of India and countries gaining independence. These subsequent events can be seen as regional disintegration, and they offer a potential scope for examining the impacts of such institutional changes on maritime transport networks. By examining a new database detailing vessel movement between South Asian ports and the rest of the world from 1890 to 2000, we explore how maritime transport networks evolved in South Asia. Specifically, we compare the trends of shipping routes among ports before and after 1947. Applying the methodology developed by Redding, Sturm, and Wolf (2011) and Xu and Itoh (2017), we show that regional disintegration clearly lowered vessel movements for the routes that became international after 1947. Additionally, we examine two points; relationship with UK, and the independence of Bangladesh. For most of the cases, we find significantly negative impacts on vessel movements directly affected by regional disintegration.


論題:Cities and roads as pattern formation of their co-evolving dynamics on real-world landscape

要旨:Cities and roads are the fundamental infrastructures that human society has developed. Their organizations are complex phenomena involved with many natural and social factors: business, commerce, transport, politics, diplomacy, culture, landscape, climate, hydrosphere, natural resources, etc. Geographical landscape appears to be the key factor among them, but most previous modelling studies assumed an ideally homogeneous space because of so-called `for the sake of simplicity'. Here we propose a working hypothesis that co-evolving dynamics of cities and roads defined on the space of geographical landscapes reproduce the outline of real-world spatial patterns of them. To examine this hypothesis, using high resolution digital topographic databases, we evaluate the distance between locations on the natural terrains by least cost path analysis, and define a dynamical system of the cites and roads on the evaluated space, and compare the stationary state of the system with a census. In a preliminary work on Hokkaido region in Japan, we found that the integration of the natural geographical factors leads to the emergence of comparable spatial patterns to the real one, while the model also reproduces the regularly spaced, lattice-like pattern of cities as the same as the previous models on an ideally homogeneous space with a homogeneous city-size distribution. This result indicates that the natural landscape factors have important relevance on the spatial distribution of populations.









論題:Adapting to within-country export barriers: Evidence from the Japan 2011 Tsunami (with Wessel Vermeulen)


発表者(1)武田航平(London School of Economics・院)

論題:Highways, high-speed railways, and the growth of Japanese cities (with Tomoya Mori)

発表者(2)宮内悠平(Stanford University)