Urban Economics Workshop
Kyoto University

  場所:京都大学経済研究所 本館1階 第二共同研究室 【交通アクセス】【本部構内MAP】


世話人: 文世一 (京都大学大学院経済学研究科) [HP]
森知也 (京都大学経済研究所) [HP]
松島格也 (京都大学大学院工学研究科) [HP]
山本和博 (大阪大学大学院経済学研究科)
松尾美和 (神戸大学経済経営研究所) [HP]

         TEL: 075−753−7120(秘書・中村) FAX:075−753−7198

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(Last Updated on 06/05/18 by Yuki Nakamura)



論題:Agglomeration and Industrial Upgrading in Cities

要旨:This paper aims to theoretically and empirically investigate the relationship between agglomeration and urban industrial upgrading. If the high-tech industries relied on skilled labor, R&D, and specialized services more intensively, and the major channels of agglomeration economies were labor pooling, knowledge spillovers, and sharing the specialized local services, then urban agglomerations will gain comparative advantage and relatively specialize in the production of high-tech goods. Based on the urban industrial grade index developed in this paper, the association between agglomeration and urban industrial upgrading is confirmed by a panel regression using the data of Japan cities.


論題:Regional Disintegration in South Asia: Evidence from the End of the British Empire on Maritime Networks

要旨:In the early 20th century, the British Empire primarily governed South Asia, and these regions shared similar administrations, institutions and commercial practices. After the Second World War, decolonization in South Asia became evident through the partition of India and countries gaining independence. These subsequent events can be seen as regional disintegration, and they offer a potential scope for examining the impacts of such institutional changes on maritime transport networks. By examining a new database detailing vessel movement between South Asian ports and the rest of the world from 1890 to 2000, we explore how maritime transport networks evolved in South Asia. Specifically, we compare the trends of shipping routes among ports before and after 1947. Applying the methodology developed by Redding, Sturm, and Wolf (2011) and Xu and Itoh (2017), we show that regional disintegration clearly lowered vessel movements for the routes that became international after 1947. Additionally, we examine two points; relationship with UK, and the independence of Bangladesh. For most of the cases, we find significantly negative impacts on vessel movements directly affected by regional disintegration.